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dirstate: Remove the flat Rust DirstateMap implementation
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Authored by SimonSapin on Wed, Sep 29, 10:56 AM.

Details

Summary

Before this changeset we had two Rust implementations of DirstateMap.
This removes the "flat" DirstateMap so that the "tree" DirstateMap is always
used when Rust enabled. This simplifies the code a lot, and will enable
(in the next changeset) further removal of a trait abstraction.

This is a performance regression when:

  • Rust is enabled, and
  • The repository uses the legacy dirstate-v1 file format, and
  • For hg status, unknown files are not listed (such as with -mard)

The regression is about 100 milliseconds for hg status -mard on a
semi-large repository (mozilla-central), from ~320ms to ~420ms.
We deem this to be small enough to be worth it.

The new dirstate-v2 is still experimental at this point, but we aim to
stabilize it (though not yet enable it by default for new repositories)
in Mercurial 6.0. Eventually, upgrating repositories to dirsate-v2 will
eliminate this regression (and enable other performance improvements).

Background

The flat DirstateMap was introduced with the first Rust implementation of the
status algorithm. It works similarly to the previous Python + C one, with a
single HashMap that associates file paths to a DirstateEntry (where Python
has a dict).

We later added the tree DirstateMap where the root of the tree contains nodes
for files and directories that are directly at the root of the repository,
and nodes for directories can contain child nodes representing the files and
directly that *they* contain directly. The shape of this tree mirrors that of
the working directory in the filesystem. This enables the status algorithm to
traverse this tree in tandem with traversing the filesystem tree, which in
turns enables a more efficient algorithm.

Furthermore, the new dirstate-v2 file format is also based on a tree of the
same shape. The tree DirstateMap can access a dirstate-v2 file without parsing
it: binary data in a single large (possibly memory-mapped) bytes buffer is
traversed on demand. This allows DirstateMap creation to take O(1) time.
(Mutation works by creating new in-memory nodes with copy-on-write semantics,
and serialization is append-mostly.)

The tradeoff is that for "legacy" repositories that use the dirstate-v1 file
format, parsing that file into a tree DirstateMap takes more time. Profiling
shows that this time is dominated by HashMap. For a dirstate containing F
files with an average D directory depth, the flat DirstateMap does parsing
in O(F) number of HashMap operations but the tree DirstateMap in O(F × D)
operations, since each node has its own HashMap containing its child nodes.
This slower costs ~140ms on an old snapshot of mozilla-central, and ~80ms
on an old snapshot of the Netbeans repository.

The status algorithm is faster, but with -mard (when not listing unknown
files) it is typically not faster *enough* to compensate the slower parsing.

Both Rust implementations are always faster than the Python + C implementation

Benchmark results

All benchmarks are run on changeset 98c0408324e6, with repositories that use
the dirstate-v1 file format, on a server with 4 CPU cores and 4 CPU threads
(no HyperThreading).

hg status benchmarks show wall clock times of the entire command as the
average and standard deviation of serveral runs, collected by
https://github.com/sharkdp/hyperfine and reformated.

Parsing benchmarks are wall clock time of the Rust function that converts a
bytes buffer of the dirstate file into the DirstateMap data structure as
used by the status algorithm. A single run each, collected by running
hg status this environment variable:

RUST_LOG=hg::dirstate::dirstate_map=trace,hg::dirstate_tree::dirstate_map=trace

Benchmark 1: Rust flat DirstateMap → Rust tree DirstateMap

hg status

mozilla-clean    	562.3 ms ± 2.0 ms	→	462.5 ms ± 0.6 ms	 1.22 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-dirty    	859.6 ms ± 2.2 ms	→	719.5 ms ± 3.2 ms	 1.19 ± 0.01 times faster
mozilla-ignored  	558.2 ms ± 3.0 ms	→	457.9 ms ± 2.9 ms	 1.22 ± 0.01 times faster
mozilla-unknowns 	859.4 ms ± 5.7 ms	→	716.0 ms ± 4.7 ms	 1.20 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-clean   	336.5 ms ± 0.9 ms	→	339.5 ms ± 0.4 ms	 0.99 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-dirty   	491.4 ms ± 1.6 ms	→	475.1 ms ± 1.2 ms	 1.03 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-ignored 	343.7 ms ± 1.0 ms	→	347.8 ms ± 0.4 ms	 0.99 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-unknowns	484.3 ms ± 1.0 ms	→	466.0 ms ± 1.2 ms	 1.04 ± 0.00 times faster

hg status -mard

mozilla-clean    	317.3 ms ± 0.6 ms	→	422.5 ms ± 1.2 ms	 0.75 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-dirty    	315.4 ms ± 0.6 ms	→	417.7 ms ± 1.1 ms	 0.76 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-ignored  	314.6 ms ± 0.6 ms	→	417.4 ms ± 1.0 ms	 0.75 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-unknowns 	312.9 ms ± 0.9 ms	→	417.3 ms ± 1.6 ms	 0.75 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-clean   	212.0 ms ± 0.6 ms	→	283.6 ms ± 0.8 ms	 0.75 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-dirty   	211.4 ms ± 1.0 ms	→	283.4 ms ± 1.6 ms	 0.75 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-ignored 	211.4 ms ± 0.9 ms	→	283.9 ms ± 0.8 ms	 0.74 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-unknowns	211.1 ms ± 0.6 ms	→	283.4 ms ± 1.0 ms	 0.74 ± 0.00 times faster

Parsing

mozilla-clean       38.4ms → 177.6ms
mozilla-dirty       38.8ms → 177.0ms
mozilla-ignored     38.8ms → 178.0ms
mozilla-unknowns    38.7ms → 176.9ms
netbeans-clean      16.5ms → 97.3ms
netbeans-dirty      16.5ms → 98.4ms
netbeans-ignored    16.9ms → 97.4ms
netbeans-unknowns   16.9ms → 96.3ms

Benchmark 2: Python + C dirstatemap → Rust tree DirstateMap

hg status

mozilla-clean    	1261.0 ms ± 3.6 ms	→	461.1 ms ± 0.5 ms	 2.73 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-dirty    	2293.4 ms ± 9.1 ms	→	719.6 ms ± 3.6 ms	 3.19 ± 0.01 times faster
mozilla-ignored  	1240.4 ms ± 2.3 ms	→	457.7 ms ± 1.9 ms	 2.71 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-unknowns 	2283.3 ms ± 9.0 ms	→	719.7 ms ± 3.8 ms	 3.17 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-clean   	879.7 ms ± 3.5 ms	→	339.9 ms ± 0.5 ms	 2.59 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-dirty   	1257.3 ms ± 4.7 ms	→	474.6 ms ± 1.6 ms	 2.65 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-ignored 	943.9 ms ± 1.9 ms	→	347.3 ms ± 1.1 ms	 2.72 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-unknowns	1188.1 ms ± 5.0 ms	→	465.2 ms ± 2.3 ms	 2.55 ± 0.01 times faster

hg status -mard

mozilla-clean    	903.2 ms ± 3.6 ms	→	423.4 ms ± 2.2 ms	 2.13 ± 0.01 times faster
mozilla-dirty    	884.6 ms ± 4.5 ms	→	417.3 ms ± 1.4 ms	 2.12 ± 0.01 times faster
mozilla-ignored  	881.9 ms ± 1.3 ms	→	417.3 ms ± 0.8 ms	 2.11 ± 0.00 times faster
mozilla-unknowns 	878.5 ms ± 1.9 ms	→	416.4 ms ± 0.9 ms	 2.11 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-clean   	434.9 ms ± 1.8 ms	→	284.0 ms ± 0.8 ms	 1.53 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-dirty   	434.1 ms ± 0.8 ms	→	283.1 ms ± 0.8 ms	 1.53 ± 0.00 times faster
netbeans-ignored 	431.7 ms ± 1.1 ms	→	283.6 ms ± 1.8 ms	 1.52 ± 0.01 times faster
netbeans-unknowns	433.0 ms ± 1.3 ms	→	283.5 ms ± 0.7 ms	 1.53 ± 0.00 times faster

Diff Detail

Repository
rHG Mercurial
Lint
Automatic diff as part of commit; lint not applicable.
Unit
Automatic diff as part of commit; unit tests not applicable.

Event Timeline

SimonSapin created this revision.Wed, Sep 29, 10:56 AM
Alphare accepted this revision.Wed, Sep 29, 12:31 PM
Alphare added a subscriber: Alphare.

Removing this much code makes me happy, this has come a long way. It is worth noting that we had one or two extra optimization ideas if the regression *really* becomes an issue, but dirstate-v2 should really be the focus.

This revision is now accepted and ready to land.Wed, Sep 29, 12:31 PM